The Implications of Elderly Care Provision for Caregivers in Japan ? 1st December 2023


  • Title: The Nexus between Long-term Care Insurance, Formal Care, Informal Care, and Bequests: The Case of Japan


Charles Yuji Horioka (Kobe University, Osaka University, Asian Growth Research Institute, and National Bureau of Economic Research), Co-authored with Emin Gahramanov (American University of Sharjah) and Xueli Tang (Deakin University)


The purpose of this paper is to examine the nexus between long-term care insurance (LTCI), formal care, informal care, and bequests using micro data from Japan, where a public LTCI system was introduced in 2000. In particular, we use data from the Japan Household Panel Survey on Consumer Preferences and Satisfaction (JHPS-CPS), formerly known as the Preference Parameter Study, conducted by Osaka University, to analyze the impact of LTCI eligibility on informal care children provide to their parents and through this channel on bequests.

  • Title: The Implications of Elderly Care Provision for Caregivers’ Employment: The Case of Japan

Yoko Niimi (Doshisha University and Asian Growth Research Institute)


As a result of such factors as population aging, changes in family structure, and women’s increasing labor market participation, there is a growing number of people who need to juggle paid work and caregiving responsibilities in Japan. In this presentation, I will first discuss the possible implications of elderly care provision for family caregivers’ labor supply decisions. Using data from Japanese surveys, I will then examine whether the existing support systems such as the mandatory public long-term care insurance program as well as the Child Care and Family Care Leave Act help family caregivers maintain their jobs while meeting their caregiving responsibilities. Possible areas of improvement in the existing systems will also be discussed.

Kick-off meeting AURELIA